The Desk has been performing daily auto-repo operations overnight since 2013. The ON-RSO is used as a means of preventing the effective policy rate from falling below the target range set by the FOMC. The overnight-reverse-repo (ON RRP) program is used to complement the Federal Reserve`s primary monetary policy instrument, excess reserve interest (IÖR) for custodian banks, to control short-term interest rates. ON-RSO operations support interest rate control by setting a floor for short-term wholesale rates, below which financial institutions with access to these facilities should not be willing to lend funds. ON-RSO transactions are carried out at a known-in-advance offer interest rate against guarantees on treasury securities and are open to a large number of financial firms, including some that are not entitled to earn interest on federal reserve assets. From the buyer`s point of view, a reverse repo is simply the same pension activity, not that of the seller. Therefore, the seller who carries out the transaction would qualify it as a “repo”, while in the same transaction, the buyer would qualify it as a “reverse repo”. “Repo” and “Reverse Repo” are therefore exactly the same type of transaction that is only described from opposite angles. The term “reverse repo et sale” is generally used to describe the creation of a short position in a debt instrument in which the buyer immediately sells on the open market the assets provided by the seller. On the date of execution of the repo, the buyer acquires the corresponding title on the open market and delivers it to the seller.
In the case of a transaction of this type, the buyer expects the security in question to lose its value between the date of the repo and the date of settlement. An inverted repo is a repo where rolls A and B are replaced. Also known as Reverse Repo, a reverse repurchase agreement consists of two transactions. In the first transaction, a commercial bank buys a security from a central bank. The second transaction involves the sale of the same security from the commercial bank to the Central Bank. Although these transactions include the sale and resale of a security, they are still considered by the world of finance as guaranteed loans. Typically, a reverse repo loan is a overnight loan, but maturities can be up to two weeks. The Federal Reserve conducts reverse retirement operations for periods of up to 65 business days. Deposits were traditionally used as a form of secured loan and were treated as such for tax purposes. However, modern repurchase agreements often allow the cash lender to sell the security provided as collateral and replace an identical security at the time of redemption.
 In this way, the cash lender acts as a borrower of securities and the repo contract can be used to take a short position in the security, much like a securities loan could be used.  The concept of reverse retirement operation refers to a central bank that sells securities to commercial banks, with the agreement to buy them back. As in the case of a repurchase agreement, a reverse retirement transaction includes both the price paid for the security and the date on which it is redeemed. The value of the guarantees is generally higher than the purchase price of the securities. The buyer undertakes not to sell the security rights unless the seller defaults on its part of the contract. On the contract date, the seller must purchase the securities, including the agreed interest rate or repo rate. Retreats are usually short-term transactions, often literally overnight. However, some contracts are open and do not have a fixed expiry date, but the reverse transaction is usually done within one year. In some cases, the underlying assets may lose their market value during the term of the pension agreement. The buyer may require the seller to fund a Margin account on which the price difference is paid….